512. Country Assessment India

Download 74 Kb.
Size74 Kb.
  1   2

512. Country Assessment - India

The Republic of India covers an area of some 3M km2, making it the seventh largest country in the World. Topographically, it is divided into a mountainous north, flanking the Himalayan Range; the North Indian Plain, drained by the Indus and Ganges Rivers; and the Deccan Plateau in the south, which itself is flanked by the Western and East Ghat mountain ranges, locally rising to around 3000m. Its climate is characterised by three seasons: hot and wet from June to September; cool and dry from October to February; and hot and dry from February to June. But they are subject to marked annual variations, spelling famine if the rains are late or weak, or flooding in the opposite case. Much of the country is forested.

India (which included Pakistan prior to 1948) has had a very long history, with the earliest records of the Indus Civilisation going back more than 4000 years. That was followed by the so-called Aryans, so admired by the Nazis, who spread out from Central Asia to populate India as well as Europe and intervening territories. Later, came Greek, Roman, Arab and Turkish influences, and the growth of sundry kingdoms, whose fortunes waxed and waned with the passage of history. The people enjoyed an advanced culture embracing many religions, principally Buddhism, which itself evolved and split into diverse sects. Arab invasions and raids brought the Muslim faith particularly to northern and western India from the 12th Century onwards. The great Mughal Empire, lasting for 200 years from 1526, effectively unified the sub-continent, bringing an age of affluence and stability, as well as the growth of trade with Europe, but it finally disintegrated with conflicts between the nobility.

Download 74 Kb.

Share with your friends:
  1   2

The database is protected by copyright ©es.originaldll.com 2023
send message

    Main page