BỘ giáo dục và ĐÀo tạO ĐỀ thi tuyển sinh đẠi họC 2012 Môn Thi: anh văN – Khối D

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Môn Thi: ANH VĂN – Khối D

ĐỀ THI THAM KHẢO Thời gian: 90 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề

  1. Nobody died in the accident, but 20 people were ________.

a. damaged b. injured c. spoiled d. broken

  1. “Look at this advertisement, Mary, it _________ there’s 50% off everything at Yvonne’s boutique – shall we go?”

a. says b. notices c. advises d. writes

(If you talk about written information, you can use the verb ‘say’.)

  1. I’ve been studying English for 2 years now, and I still can’t _______ it very well.

a. talk b. say c. tell d. speak

  1. Ken’s _____ is not what it used to be, he’s always forgetting where he’s put things.

a. remember b. memoirs c. memory d. souvenirs

  1. She _______ her children, she gives them whatever they want.

a. damages b. ruins c. spoils d. hurts

(If you never say ‘no’ to your children, you spoil them.)

  1. The government is encouraging everyone to _____ water by not washing their cars.

a. waste b. save c. spend d. use

  1. They were ______ about who should make the coffee.

A. quarrelling B. disputing C. objecting D. opposing

  1. I'm not ______ them stayingwith us, as long as it's only for a few days.

A. disagreed with B. opposite C. opposed to D. objected to

  1. They had a(n) ______ , and never spoke to each other again,

A. dispute B. objection C. quarrel D. opposition

  1. 'So, we are going to Italy for our holidays, right?' - '. ______. Now, whereabouts in Italy shall we go?'

A. Agree B. I'm agree C. Agreed D. In agreement

  1. The players ______ the referee's decision.

A. disagreed B. disputed C. objected D. contradicted

  • To disagree with someone on / about something: to (say that you) have a different opinion from someone else

  • to have a disagreement (with someone about sth) (formal) to disagree verbally : trịnh trọng không đồng ý

  • to object (to sth / to doing sth) to feel that something is wrong and not to

like it : phản đối

Ex:: I object to the way the boss treats me. II don't object to them coming with us.

  • an objection (to sth / to doing sth) a reason to disagree; a statement of disagreement.

  • to be opposed (to sth / to doing sth) to. disagree strongly with or be against something: phản đối quyết liệt

to dispute (sth) (formal) to believe that something isn't true or right : nghi nghờ, không tin

  1. You've just ______ yourself. You said the opposite a few minutes ago.

A. disagreed B. disputed C. objected D. contradicted

  1. We discussed it for a while and then we ______ an agreement.

A. had B. drew C. reached D. approach

  1. I think you should try to ______ with him. You can't both have everything you want.

A. agree B. accept C. compromise D. discuss

  1. I don't ______ that. I don't think it's true at all.

A. agree B. accept C. compromise D. discuss

  1. He wasn't at all ______. He wouldn't do anything I asked him to do.

A. agreement B. co-operative C. opposition D. discussion

  1. Thank you for your invitation which we are pleased to ______ " .

A. reach B. accept C. compromise D. regard

  1. We look forward to many more years of ______ between our two countries.

A. opposition B. co-operation C. disagreement D. quarrel

  1. She argues ______ me ______ almost everything.

A. with / about B. with / on D. on / about D. A and B

  1. I agree ______ you ______ what the problem is.

A. with / about B. with / on D. on / about D. A and B

  1. I've never had the slightest disagreement ______ him ______ anything.

A. with / about B. with / on C. on / about D. A and B

  1. Will you two stop ______ and let me get some sleep! They're always bickering about whose turn it is to do the washing up.

A. bickering B. rowing C. disputing D. disagreeing

  • to bicker (about sth) :to argue like children, about small things (cai nhau ve nhung chuyen vat)

  1. She often rows with him in public.

A. disagrees B. rows C. accepts D. opposite

  • to row (with s.o. /about sth): to argue noisily and sometimes violently

(often involving people who know each other well) cai nhau om som .

  1. I'll compromise with you - you can have the car this weekend if I can have it next weekend.

A. accept B. offer C. have in agreement D. compromise

to compromise (with S.0.) to reach an agreement between two extremes (dan xep, thoa hiep)

  1. 'These tablets really are ______. My headache’s much better now.'

A. affective B. effective c. efficient D. affected

  1. 'The only ______ way to avoid hay fever at this time of the year, if you are a sufferer, is to stay indoors.'

A. affective B. effective c. efficient D. affected

  1. 'She was ______ in everything she did and was frequently commended for exemplary service to the organisation.'

A. affective B. effective C. efficient D. affected

  1. 'He hasn’t made very ______ use of his time in revising for these exams: he has made no notes and his concentration spans appear to last for no longer than ten minutes.'

A. affective B. effective C. efficient D. affected

  1. 'This engine is really ______, it can run for 30 km on only 1 litre of fuel.'

A. affective B. effective C. efficient D. affected

efficient – effective

These two qualitative adjectives are often confused, Kisy. If somebody or something is efficient, then he, she or it works in a well-organised way, without wasting time or energy. If something is effective, it works well and produces the results that were intended

  1. 'The really hot weather ______ everybody’s ability to work.'

A. affective B. effective c. efficient D. affected

  1. 'I know my neighbours play loud music late at night, but that doesn’t ______ me.I can sleep through anything.'

A. affective B. effective c. efficient D. affect

  1. 'The number of tourists travelling to Britain this year has not been ______ by the strength of the pound.'

A. affective B. effective c. efficient D. affected

  1. 'The tablets which he took every four hours had no noticeable ______ on his headache.'

A. affective B. effect c. efficient D. affected

  1. 'My words of comfort had little ______. She just went on crying and wouldn’t stop.'

A. affective B. effect c. efficient D. affected

  1. 'Repairs could not be ______ because the machines were very old.'

A. effected B. effective c. efficient D. affected

Affect and effect are often confused, even by native speakers of English. The most important thing to remember is that affect is used as a verb and effect is normally used as a noun. When they are used in this way, they are similar in meaning, signifying ‘influence’, ‘impact’ or ‘change’.

Note: we talk about someone or something having an effect on something or someone. If we use effect as a verb, it means to ‘carry out’ or to ‘cause something to happen’, but it is used only in very formal English

  1. I ______ interested in photography when I was ten.

A. got B. became C. took D. used to

  1. I ______e interested in art in later life. (formal)

A. got B. became C. took D. used to

  1. As he ______ older, his garden got really messy.

A. got B. became C. took D. turned

  1. As he ______ older, he could no longer maintain his garden.

A. got B. became C. took D. used to be

  1. It ______ colder and colder the further north we went.

A. got B. became C. took D. turned

  1. It ______ increasingly cold as we travelled north.

A. got B. became C. took D. turned

  1. I'm ______ quite hungry now, aren't you?

A. getting B. becaming C. turning D. growing

  1. He ______ quite angry when he discovered there was no food

A. got B. became C. took D. turned

Get has many different meanings whereas become basically indicates development of some kind.

Get is more informal and is frequently used in speech; become is more formal and is more often used in writing.

Get / become + adjective

When used with adjectives, get indicates growth or development and can therefore be used as the preferred alternative to become in an informal register.

  1. 'I usually ______ to work by car, but I ______ to Bristol by train yesterday.'

A. go / went B. went / go C. get / went D. go / got

  1. 'I didn't ______ home until nearly midnight.'

A. go B. get C. arrive in D. turn

  1. 'Can you tell me how to ______ to Buckingham Palace?'

A. go B. get C. arrive in D. turn

Get indicates the end of a journey and can be used informally as an alternative to 'reach' or 'arrive at'. When we use go, we are talking about the 'complete journey', usually

  1. 'As they ______ richer, they invested more money in shares.'

A. became B. got C. are D. grew

  1. 'My aim is to ______ old gracefully and with dignity.'

A. become B. get C. be D. grow

  1. 'He drove away as soon as the lights ______ green.'

A. became B. turned C. changed D. grew

  1. 'The leaves ______ brown as the weather got colder.'

A. became B. turned C. changed D. grew

Grow indicates a slow change and sounds literary. It can be replaced by ‘become’ or ‘get’. Turn indicates a faster change and can be replaced by ‘go’:

  1. If we behave badly in class, our teacher _______ stay late and do extra work.

a. must b. lets us c. allows us to d. makes us

  1. My daughter’s school _______ the children to wear jeans and T-shirts – not like in my day!

a. makes b. lets c. has to d. allows

  1. I hate school, the teachers make us _______ so much homework every day!

a. do b. doing c. to do d. did

  1. On Friday afternoons our teacher sometimes lets us _______ home early.

a. go b. to go c. going d. went

  1. When I was a boy we were made _______ correct school uniform at all times!

a. wear b. to wear c.wearing d. wore

  1. “Excuse me sir, are we allowed _______ dictionaries into the exam?”

a. take b. to take c.taking d. took

  • It’s the students who must stay late and do extra work – not the teacher.

  • If you let someone do something, you allow it or give permission.

  • If you allow someone to do something, you let them do something or give permission.

  • If you make someone do something, you say ‘you have to do it’;

you give them no choice.

  1. I lay in the sun all day yesterday. (a. lay b. lain c. lied d. lain)

  2. She laid her cards on the table. (a. lay b. lain c. lied d. laid)

  3. She had lain in the sun all afternoon.(a. lay b. laid c. lied d. lain)

  4. She was laid to rest. (a. lay b. laid c. lied d. lain)

  5. I don't lie, said George Washington. (a. lie b. lay c. lied d. lain)

  6. Lay your weapons on the table. (a. lie b. lay c. lied d. lain)

Complete the sentences with above verbs

  1. She laid the baby on the bed in order to change its nappy.

  2. She was lying asleep on the sofa when her husband arrived home.

  3. Can you lay the table for me please? Lunch is ready.

  4. I told her not to lie out in the sun, but she must have lain there for at least an hour for her back was very sunburnt.

  5. I had never laid carpets before, but I was determined to have a go.

  6. When I looked out of the aircraft window, I could see that London lay beneath us.

  7. His lawyer will lay great emphasis on his state of mind when the murder was committed and claim that it was manslaughter, not murder.

  8. None of us knows what lies ahead, but you must try to take a grip on your life and decide where your future lies.

    • to lie / lied / lied : nói dối

    • lay / laid / laid : đặt, để, nằm, bày biện (to lay a child to sleep: đặt đứa bé nằm ngủ; to lay the foundation of socialism : đặt nền móng cho chủ nghĩa xã hội)

    • to lie / lay / lain : nằm nghỉ e.g. : the ship is lying at the port con tàu thả neo nằm ở bên cảng

  1. Take that shirt off and put on a new one. You can't go out in such an old shirt.

A. to put on B. wear C. get dressed D. put on

  1. She ______ a beautiful diamond necklace with matching earrings.

A. was wearing B. wore C. was getting dressed D. putting on

  1. You'd better ______ now. Henry will be here in ten minutes.

A. wear clothes B. get dressed C. put on clothes D. dress clothes

  1. She came in covered in mud. So I bathed her and ______ her in new clothes

A. wore B. dressed C. put D. wearing

When you dress, you put clothes on. You can also dress children, dress a wound by cleaning it and covering it and dress a salad by putting oil and vinegar on it. If you dress up, you put on different clothes to make yourself look smarter, if you dress down, you put on clothes that are less smart than usual. We often speak of getting dressed as a colloquial alternative to dress

  1. If you think _______ (/ carefully) about it, you'll realise that I'm right.

A. strongly B. powerfully C. precisely D. hard 

  1. _______, you were not there at the time.
    A. exactly B. precisely C. truly D. correctly

  2. ______, you'll turn down that job in Norway.

A. If you truly love me B. If you rightly love me

C. If you precisely love me D. If you purely love me

  1. It came as a _______ surprise to me when she married him.

A. comprehensive B. complete C. full D. entire

  1. If you eat chocolate before a meal, it will spoil (/ ruin) your appetite.
    A. damage B. harm C. suppress D. spoil

  2. "______ children like ice-cream." "That's quite natural."

a. Most of b. Most c. The most d. The most of

  1. I felt as if I ______ a confidence.

a. have betrayed b. would betray c. had betrayed d. am betraying

  1. Nearly all of the reporters ______ the press conference had questions ______

a. attend / asked b. attended / to ask c. attending / to ask d. would attend / to be asked

  1. The burglar was sentenced to 20 years in ______

a. dock b. goal c. jail d. trial

  1. The girl ______ me this gift is my best friend.

a. presented b. was presenting c. presenting d. be presenting

  1. Einstein gradually became _______ in the discussion.

a. absorb b. absorbed c. to absorb d. absorbing


The 1920s saw the emergency of widespread car ownership in the US. Assembly – line production made car wonderfully cheap, credit was available on the cheapest (86) ______ and the irresistible (87) ______ of the car to consumer did the rest. The result was a complete (88) ______ of American life.

The car began to break (89)______ the ancient sharp division between town and country. The movement perhaps began with the prosperous middle class, (90) ______ for a holiday from New York, who were delighted to discover the rest of their country. But the cheap car also enabled the working class to travel, for pleasure or in (91) ______ of work. Even poor country people, it (92) ______ out, could own car and when they did so, many of them used the freedom thus (93) ______ to depart - to the West or to the cities.

Even more important, perhaps, was the (94) ______ of the car on daily life. It came into (95) ______ for all sorts of short (96)______, to work or to the shop, which had previously been made by trolley bus or railway. It made a whole new pattern of living possible. Vast suburbs began to (97) ______ over the land. No longer did you have to live in comparatively cramped (98) ______ near the railroad station. Not did you have to (99) ______ your annual holiday at one of the traditional, crowded resorts nearby. Instead, you could (100) ______ over the hills and far away.

  1. A. obligations B. terms C. guarantees D. repayments.

  2. A. appeal B. outlook C. impression D. fancy

  3. A. transfer B. variation C. revision D. transformation

  4. A. down B. off C. in D. away

  5. A. concerned B. willing C. anxious D. fond

  6. A. hunt B. search C. chase D. inquiry

  7. A. found B. turned C. brought D. set

  8. A. gained B. gathered C. reached D. benefited

  9. A. forced B. product C. impact D. trace

  10. A. advantage B. use C. worth D. function

  11. A. travels B. trips C. tours D. routes

  12. A. spread B. widen C. scatter D. broadcast

  13. A. housing B. residence C. surrounding D. settlement

  14. A. made B. place C. take D. set

100. A. press B. speed C. stir D. pace

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