Gettysburg dbq hook Exercise (p. 461)

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Gettysburg DBQ

Hook Exercise (p. 461)

  1. July 3, 1863 in Gettysburg, PA

  2. The Confederates were on the offensive. The arrows show that the Confederates led by General Pickett were attacking from the west.

  3. Between ½ and ¾ of a mile.

  4. The Union forces had the high ground. This gave them a big advantage as they could fire down on the advancing Confederate soldiers with less fear of being fired upon themselves.

  5. Although it may have been courageous, one can infer that Pickett’s Charge was unsuccessful.

  6. Washington, D.C. was only 80 miles away. If the Union army was defeated, General Lee would have been one step closer to the capital. Panic would have been likely with some Northern leaders asking for peace.

Background Essay Questions (p. 465)

  1. Two years

  2. Robert E. Lee

  3. The response of many in the cities was panic and worry. However, some young women in Chambersburg stood outside with Union flags on their blouses and the Confederate soldiers marching by just smiled and laughed.

  4. George Meade

  5. 75,000

  6. Marching soldiers of both armies stopped to pick cherries. Some Confederate soldiers helped a Northerner pull his horse out of a water tank.

  7. Define:

    1. Confederate: Southern

    2. Union: Northern

    3. Siege: surrounding and cutting off a town for the purpose of capturing it

    4. Cavalry: soldiers trained to fight on horseback

    5. Offensive: an attack

    6. Rebel: Southern, Confederate

    7. Yankee: Northern, Union

    8. Troops: Soldiers

Understanding the Question (p. 467)

  1. The Battle of Gettysburg: Why was it the turning point?

  2. Turning point

  3. The Battle of Gettysburg: Why was it the beginning of the end for the South? (Or student’s variation)

Document “A” Analysis

  1. A campaign is a series of military operations in a certain area conducted to achieve a certain goal.

  2. Most campaigns were in Confederate territory. The South had a defensive strategy; the North had an offensive strategy (the Anaconda Plan). The North would have to invade the South to get them to stay in the Union.

  3. Gettysburg was in PA, a free Union state. No other major Civil War battle was fought in the North.

  4. Lee wanted to conquer the North, lesson the North’s desire to win/boost the South’s desire to win, and secure alliances with European countries.

  5. Gettysburg was the Confederacy’s northern-most attack. A victory by Lee might have broken the Northern will to continue the war.

Document “B” Analysis

  1. Killed, wounded, missing

  2. North: 23,040. South: 20,650-25,000

  3. The Confederates appear to have been hurt the most. The Union had a much larger pool to replace Gettysburg casualties – more than 3x as many troops in the field and 5x as many men of military age to draw upon.

  4. In terms of casualties as a proportion of troops available, Gettysburg was a huge setback for the South

Document “C” Analysis

  1. To Jefferson Davis on July 4 and August 8, 1863

  2. A public journal was a popular newspaper or magazine. Lee was sensitive to Southern criticism regarding his defeat at Gettysburg

  3. The expectations included a victory over the North and independence for the South

  4. The letters suggest a turning point. Lee says he has lost confidence in his ability to beat the North. The second letter is evidence of a crack in Southern morale

Document “D” Analysis

  1. 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was written

  2. The soldiers who fought at Gettysburg

  3. To die in battle

  4. He wants the crowd to pledge to expand freedom (end slavery) and work to make sure democracy never disappears from the planet

  5. Gettysburg is a turning point because it gave the nation an opportunity to rededicate itself not only to the causes of ending slavery and preserving a union, but also to an even larger goal of proving that mankind can rule itself under a democratic government. Lincoln’s redefinition of the war’s aims was a huge morale booster.


B, C

C, D





Outline for the DBQ

Working Title:

Intro Paragraph




Body Paragraph #1 Topic:

Intro Statement:

Evidence: supporting detail from documents with document citation

Argument: connecting evidence to the thesis

Body Paragraph #2 Topic:

Intro Statement:

Evidence: supporting detail from documents with document citation

Argument: connecting evidence to the thesis

Concluding Paragraph: Restatement of the main idea/thesis along with other insights from your essay

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