Office Hours: Wednesday, 3:00 – 4:00 p.m.
To attend to these themes, and others, we will examine primary documents (sources written at the time the event we are studying occurred) and secondary sources (articles written by trained historians that make specific arguments about the past based upon primary sources). However, because trained historians are not the only one to represent the past, we will also explore how aspects of Canadian history are presented in films, historical vignettes, comics, and historical fiction.
The course will be divided between lectures (one two-hour lecture) and tutorial discussions (two one-hour tutorials). We will discuss this schedule on the first day of class. The lectures are designed to provide students with the narrative of Canada’s history, while the tutorial meetings will provide students with the opportunity to engage with selected secondary and primary source materials that complement the lecture materials. This combination of lecture and tutorial will enrich, clarify, and illustrate the critical issues in Canada’s pre-1900 past.
Academic dishonesty, which includes plagiarism and cheating, is an extremely serious academic offence and carries penalties varying from a 0 grade on an assignment to expulsion from the University. Definitions, penalties, and procedures for dealing with plagiarism and cheating are set out in Trent University’s Academic Integrity Policy. You have a responsibility to educate yourself – unfamiliarity with the policy is not an excuse. You are strongly encouraged to visit Trent’s Academic Integrity website to learn more:
Access to Instruction
It is Trent University's intent to create an inclusive learning environment. If a student has a disability and/or health consideration and feels that he/she may need accommodations to succeed in this course, the student should contact the Disability Services Office (BL Suite 109, 748-1281, firstname.lastname@example.org) as soon as possible. Complete text can be found under Access to Instruction in the Academic Calendar.
J. M. Bumsted, The Peoples of Canada: A Pre-Confederation History, Third Edition, Toronto: Oxford University Press: 2010.
Sault Ste. Marie
The map quiz will consist of twenty place names and other topographical features. Each correct place you plot is worth 1 mark. The assignment will be marked out of 20 and converted to a grade out of five.
Primary Source Analysis: 5% (Due 3 November 2010)
You will write a primary source analysis of the document, “What Occurred Among the Hurons in the Year 1635” in the Jesuit Relations.
This source was written on 27 May 1635 by a Jesuit missionary named Jean De Brebeuf. Please follow the instructions below that explain how you can access this resource.
Your analysis should be no more than 500 words and will meet the assignment specifics outlined above, i.e.) font size, etc. Your analysis should answer the following questions: “What are the Jesuit Relations? And, what are the problems in using this source to understand Aboriginal societies in the 1600s?” In answering these questions, you must identify the 5-Ws that help historians determine “historical significance”: the who, the when, the where, the why, and the “so” what?
You can locate this letter through the Trent University Libraries e-Resources. Click the e-Resources link on the library home page and then the e-Books link. Scroll down until you find the link for Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment. You will have to log-in to access this collection. Once you have successfully logged in, find:
Le Jeune, Paul, 1591(?)-1664, Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, VOLUME 8. Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed.. Cleveland, OH: Burrows Brothers, 1901.
***You want VOLUME EIGHT*** (It should be entry 178).
When you click the book title, you will be re-directed to the “Table of Contents.” Find the entry titled, “Relation of What Occurred Among the Hurons in the Year 1635.” You want this letter: click it. Success!
This assignment is DUE IN LECTURE
on WEDNESDAY, 3 NOVEMBER 2010.
Secondary Source Analyses: 2x 7.5 % (Due on the day of Discussion)
You must do two secondary source analyses at some point during the course. One must be based on Chester Brown’s comic strip biography of Louis Riel; the other one is your choice.
Your 3-page article analysis (750 words maximum) is based on the selected tutorial readings in your course kit. Regardless of which readings you select, your analysis is due ON THE DAY that those articles will be discussed. For example, if I signed up for “Politics and “the people” of British North America,” I would write on the Bradbury and Morgan articles and hand-in my work on the day of that class: 12 January 2010.
This assignment is designed to help you to identify key themes and ideas within the writings of important Canadian historians. The ability to identify key themes, ideas, and arguments in other people’s writing is the first step in developing your own critical analysis skills. This assignment has two goals: first, to begin you on your way to thinking critically about the way we understand Canada’s past; and second, to encourage you to develop your own analyses and interpretations of that past in the process.
When writing and organizing your work DO NOT discuss one article after the other: think about how to pull the two readings together. This can be done either by topical themes, the questions the authors are asking, or by historiographical or conceptual issues. Your analysis should integrate/seek to answer some of the following suggestions/questions:
These assignments are DUE IN TUTORIAL
What is overall picture you got from the readings?
What are differences and similarities between the approaches taken in the two readings?
What is the major argument of each article?
What is the historiographical context – meaning, where do the authors place themselves within the literature? (I.e. Are they interested in gender? In sexuality? In political change?)
What are the key concepts/words/ideas upon which they draw (ask about those you do not understand).
Is there anything or anyone absent from the readings that could alter the argument?
What primary sources were used?
Can you think of any problems with these sources and how they may have influenced the historian’s argument?
And, your evaluation of the work: What did you like, dislike? Think about this in terms of the questions that authors ask, their approach, their method of enquiry, and the sources they used as well as your personal reaction to the readings.
on DAY WE DISCUSS THE ARTICLES. A sign-up sheet will be handed out in Tutorial in September.
(Re)viewing Black Robe: 15% (Due 1 December 2010)
As your Primary Source Analysis of the Jesuit Relations
will demonstrate, it is extremely difficult to accurately depict Aboriginal societies and the relationship that they had with the Jesuit missionaries that sought to “civilize” them. We will read about missionaries for tutorial and view the film Black Robe
on 3 November 2010.
You will then write a 6-page review essay (1500 word) of Black Robe. Your essay should compare and contrast what you learned about the history of the Jesuit missionaries and their relationship with the Huron in lecture, tutorial, and in reading the Jesuit Relations with how Black Robe represented this history. Your review should clearly articulate the strengths and weaknesses of Black Robe and its depiction of the civilizing mission of the Jesuits in New France in the mid-1600s. Your review essay can focus on any aspect or theme from Black Robe, however, it MUST NOT be a summary or an “and then, and then” narrative of what occurred in the film. It is to be a critical review essay.
You must also read the below articles, (I will post these on the course website), to see how two historians have responded to Black Robe. But remember, I am interested in WHAT YOU THOUGHT so, please only use Churchill and Haavik as guidelines. You may even disagree with them, and that is ok!
Ward Churchill, “And They Did It Like Dogs in the Dirt”: An Indigenist Analysis of Black Robe,” in Ward Churchill, From A Native Son: Selected Essays in Indigenism, 1985- 1995, Cambridge: South End Press, 1996, 423–38.
Kristof Haavik, “In Defense of Black Robe: A Reply to Ward Churchill,” Journal American Indian Culture and Research Journal 31:4 (2007): 97-120
Ward Churchill, “Reasserting "Consensus": A Somewhat Bitterly Amused Response to Kristof Haavik's ‘In Defense of Black Robe,’” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 31:4 (2007): 121-143.
Remember, your review essay should not regurgitate what happened in the film. You are to evaluate the effectiveness of Black Robe’s portrayal of this aspect of Canada’s history. For example, what perspective does Black Robe take on the subject? What is Black Robe’s main point? Was the film successful in accurately depicting the work of the Jesuits; of the Aboriginal people they sought to convert? Why or why not?
This assignment is DUE IN LECTURE on WEDNESDAY, 1 DECEMBER 2010.
Mid-Term Test: 10% (Organized during December Exam period)
This test will cover material from the first thirteen weeks of class. It will be 3 hours in length. It will be comprised of essay, short answer, and some multiple-choice questions. Questions will be based on material covered in both lecture and tutorial.
Alias Histories of Nineteenth Century Upper Canada: 20% (Due 6 April 2011)
The past can be portrayed and interpreted in a variety of ways. Professional historians are not the only individuals capable of accurately portraying past events. In Alias Grace, Margaret Atwood provides a fictional account of the life of Grace Marks. Grace, an Irish immigrant and resident of Toronto, was convicted of murdering her employer, Thomas Kinnear, in the early-1840s and was later incarcerated in the Kingston Penitentiary. Much like historians do, Atwood consulted a wide selection of primary and secondary sources to write about Grace Marks and Upper Canadian society in the nineteenth century. It is your job, as historians-in-training, to evaluate the accuracy of Atwood’s depiction of one aspect of the novel that interested you and conduct your own research on that topic.
You must write a 2000-2500-word (8–10 page) essay that examines one historical theme that sparked your attention. For example, Atwood repeatedly returns to the 1837-38 Rebellion and its importance for the characters in her book. Once you have read the novel and picked your theme or topic, you must assess if Atwood accurately depicted the history/significance of your specific theme or topic by conducting primary and secondary research on your subject. Your essay should compare and contrast Atwood’s history of the social world of mid-nineteenth century Upper Canada with what historians argue about the same period. By including primary materials written by individuals from the 1840s you will be able to determine where Atwood’s representation of Upper Canada is historically accurate, and where it is not.
You must incorporate the following material into your essay.
Margaret Atwood, Alias Grace, Toronto, 1996.
What historians think of Alias Grace:
Margaret Atwood, “In Search of Alias Grace: On Writing Canadian Historical Fiction,” American Historical Review 103:5 (December 1998): 1503-16.
Jonathan D Spence, “Margaret Atwood and the Edges of History,” American Historical Review 103:5 (December 1998): 1522-5.
John Demos, “In Search of Reasons for Historians to Read Novels,” American Historical Review 103:5 (December 1998): 1526-9.
Lynn Hunt, “No Longer an Evenly Flowing River: Time, History, and the Novel,” American Historical Review 103:5 (December 1998): 1517-21.
What did people in the nineteenth century said: (Some primary source examples)
Susannah Moodie, Life in the Clearings Vs. the Bush, London, 1853. Pages 207-32, 299-312.
A down-loadable pdf version is Google Books. Follow this link:
The Trials of James McDermott and Grace Marks at Toronto, Upper Canada, November 3rd and 4th, 1843 For the Murder of Thomas Kinnear, Esquire and His Housekeeper Nancy Montgomery, Richmond Hill, Township of Vaughan, Home District, Upper Canada on Saturday, 29th July, 1843. Toronto: 1843.
There is a selection of documents on the Toronto Public Library webpage that deal with trial. Follow this link: http://ve.torontopubliclibrary.ca/showcase/marks/index.html
You may also want to look at Paper Of Record,
an eResource that contains searchable PDFs of many Canadian newspapers.
Your essay is DUE IN LECTURE
on 6 April 2011.
Tutorial Participation: 10% (Ongoing)
Students must attend all tutorials. However, perfect attendance does not translate into a perfect participation mark. In order to obtain a high participation mark, one must arrive to tutorial having completed the assigned readings and prepared to share their thoughts and opinions with the class. Perfect attendance can earn you a maximum grade of 4/10. At various times throughout the term you will be asked to evaluate your participation. If you are unable to attend class, for whatever the reason, please, let me know. You are allowed ONE
grace absence per term. All other unexplained absences will require documentation.
Final Exam: 20% (Organized during April Exam period)
This exam will cover material from the final thirteen weeks of class. It will be 3 hours in length. It will be comprised of essay, short answer, and some multiple-choice questions. Questions will be based on material covered in both lecture and tutorial.
Any assignment submitted longer than one week after the stated deadline will not be marked. Exception to this lateness penalty may be granted for valid reasons such as illness, compassionate grounds, etc. For such exceptions to be considered supporting documentation (I.e. a doctor’s note) will be required. An assignment submitted between the stated deadline and the one week immediately following said deadline will be penalized at 2% a day. All assignments must be submitted in a paper (hard copy) with at least one rough draft. Email attachments will not be considered as completed assignments.
I. Northern North America to 1763
Week 1: First Nations’ Territory
15 September 2010
Ch. 1. The Peoples of Early North America
Week 2: Colonial Contacts and Encounters in North Eastern North America
22 September 2010
Ch. 2. Contacts and Encounters
Ch. 3. Early European Approaches
Ramsay Cook, “Making a Garden out of A Wilderness,” in Canada, Quebec, and the Uses of Nationalism, 2nd Ed, (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1995), 51-72.
Ramsay Cook, ed., The Voyages of Jacques Cartier, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993), 23–27; 60–66; 68–70.
Week 3: Population and Popular Culture in New France
29 September 2010
Ch. 5. Canada to 1663
Leslie Choquette, “Recruitment of French Emigrants to Canada, 1600-1760,” in “To Make America”: European Migration in the Early Modern Period, 131-62.
Peter Moogk, “‘Thieving Buggers’ and ‘Stupid Sluts’: Insults and Popular Culture in New France”, William and Mary Quarterly 36:4 (Oct. 1979): 524-47.
“Condemnation of Popular Practices,” “Report on Popular Culture,” and “Discovering the Common People,” in Documents in Pre-Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 34–36; 42–46.
Week 4:The Civilizing Mission in New France I
6 October 2010
Ch. 6. Canada 1663-1763: Government, Military, Economy
Carol Devens, “Separate Confrontations: Gender as a Factor in Indian Adaptation to European Colonization in New France,” American Quarterly 38:3 (1986): 461-80.
Tracey Neal Leavelle, “Geographies of Encounter: Religion and Contested Spaces in Colonial North America,” American Quarterly 56: 4 (Dec. 2004): 913-943.
“Memorandum on Colonizing New France,” in Documents in Pre-Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 14–15.
Week 5: The Civilizing Mission in New France II
13 October 2010
Ch. 7. Canada 1663-1763: Population, Society, Culture
Arnaud Balvay, “Tattooing and Its Role in French–Native American Relations in the Eighteenth Century,” French Colonial History 9 (2008): 1-14.
Peter A. Goddard, “Converting the Sauvage: Jesuit and Montagnais in Seventh-Century New France,” The Catholic Historical Review 84 (1998): 219-39.
Excerpts from, Peter Kalm, Travels in North America: The English Version, Adolph Burnett Benson, Editor, (Wilson-Erickson, 1937), 402–05; 410–18; and 525–27.
Week 6: Slavery in New France
20 October 2010
Ch. 8. The Peripheries of the Empires, 1670-1760
Brett Rushforth, “‘A Little Flesh We Offer You’: The Origins of Indian Slavery in New France,” The William and Mary Quarterly 60: 4 (Oct. 2003): 777-808.
Kenneth Joseph Donovan, “Slaves in Ile Royale, 1713-1758,” French Colonial History 5 (2004): 25-42.
“Regulating Slavery in the Colony,” Documents in Pre-Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 36–38.
Week 7: READING WEEK! No Class
27 October 2010
Week 8: MOVIE: Black Robes (Primary Source Analysis Due)
3 November 2010
Week 9: The British Conquest and the Integration of Québec
10 November 2010
Ch. 9. A Century of Conflict, 1660-1760
Nick Rogers, “Brave Wolfe: The Making of a Hero in Mid-Eighteenth Century Britain and America,” in A New Imperial History: Culture, Identity and Modernity in Britain and the Empire 1660-1840, (Cambridge: CUP, 2004), 239-59.
Ramsay Cook, “Governing a Colony ‘pas comme les autres’: The Dilemmas of Unplanned Conquest,” in Realities of Representation: State–Building in Early Modern Europe and European America, (London: Palgrave, 2007), 187–202.
“Articles of Capitulation, Québec, Sept 18, 1759,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, Doughty, (1918), 5–7.
“Proclamation of Oct 7th, 1763,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, Doughty, (1918), 163–68.
Week 9: Creating a New Colonial Order and the American Revolution
17 November 2010
Ch. 10. The Expansion and Contraction of British North America, 1760-1782
Peter Burrows, “Wampum at Niagara: The Royal Proclamation, Canadian Legal History, and Self Government,” in Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997), 155-72.
Matthew L. Rhoades, “Blood and Boundaries: Virginia Backcountry Violence and the Origins of the Quebec Act, 1758-1775,” West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies 3:2 (Fall 2009): 1-22.
“Petition of French Subjects to the King, Dec 1773,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, Doughty, (1918), 507–08.
“Case of the British Merchants Trading at Québec, 1774,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, Doughty, (1918), 512–22.
“The Québec Act, 14, Geo. III, cap. 83,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, Doughty, (1918), 570 – 576.
II. The Consolidation of British North America to 1860
Week 10: The Loyalists and Aboriginal Dispossession
24 November 2010
Ch. 11. Loyalties and Loyalists, 1775-1791
Donald Smith, “The Dispossession of the Mississauga Indians: A Missing Chapter in the Early History of Upper Canada,” in Historical Essays on Upper Canada: New Perspectives, (Montreal-Kingston: MQUP, 1989), 23-52.
Maya Jasanoff, “The Other Side of Revolution: Loyalists in the British Empire,” William and Mary Quarterly 65:2 (April 2008): 205-32.
“Plan for the Future Management of Indian Affairs,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, Doughty, (1918) 614–20.
“Simcoe to Dorchester, 9 March 1795,” Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of
Canada, 1791-1818, 176–82.
Week 11: Colonial Economies and the Fur Trade
1 December 2010
Ch. 14. The Colonial Economy, 1791-1840
Carolyn Podruchny, “Baptizing Novices: Ritual Moments among French Canadian Voyageurs in Montreal Fur Trade, 1780-1821,” Canadian Historical Review 83:2 (2002): 165-95.
Elizabeth Vibert, “Real Men Hunt Buffalo: Masculinity, Race, and Class in British Fur Traders’ Narratives,” Gender & History 8:1 (1996): 4-21.
Excerpts from, Governor George Simpson’s 1832 Character Book.
Week 12: War of 1812
8 December 2010
Ch. 12. Colonial Politics, War, and Rebellion, 1791-1840 (only till 1812 Section)
Sean Mills, “French Canadians and the Beginning of the War of 1812: Revisiting the Lachine Riot,” Histoire Sociale/Social History (May2005) 38:75, 37-57
R. Arthur Bowler, “Propaganda in Upper Canada in the War of 1812,” American Review of Canadian 18:1 (March 1988): 11 – 32
End of Term One
II. The Consolidation of British North America to 1860, Cont’d
Week 13: Politics and “the people” of British North America
12 January 2011
Ch. 13. Peopling British North America, 1791-1860
Bettina Bradbury, “Widows at the Hustings: Gender, Citizenship, and the Montreal By-Election of 1832,” in Women on Their Own: Interdisciplinary Perspective on Being Single, Edited by, Rudolph Bell and Virginia Yans-McLaughlin, 82–114.
Cecilia Morgan, “‘When Bad Men Conspire, Good Men Must Unite!’: Gender and Public Discourses in Upper Canada, 1820s-1830s,” in K. McPherson, N. M. Forestall, and C. Morgan, Eds., Gendered Pasts, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1999: 12-28.
“Women’s Suffrage, Petition to the House of Assembly, Lower Canada, 4 December 1828,” Documents in Pre-Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 309–11.
Week 14: The 1837 Canadian Rebellion
19 January 2011
Ch. 12. Colonial Politics, War, and Rebellion, 1791-1840
Allan Greer, “From Folklore to Revolution: Charivaris and the Lower Canadian Rebellion of 1837,” Social History 15:1 (Jan., 1990): 25-43.
Fernand Ouellet. “The Insurrections,” Readings in Canadian History: Pre-Confederation. Eds. R. Douglas Francis and Donald B. Smith. (Toronto: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1994), 330-344.
“92 Resolutions,” Statutes, Treaties and Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 1713-1929, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1930), 270–90.
“William Lyon Mackenzie’s Draft Constitution, 15 November 1837,” Documents in Pre- Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 238–42.
Week 15: The Durham Interlude
26 January 2011
Ch. 17. Political and Administrative Reform, 1840-1860
Bruce Curtis, “The ‘Most Splendid Pageant Ever Seen’: Grandeur, the Domestic, and Condescension in Lord Durham’s Political Theatre,” Canadian Historical Review 89:1 (March 2008): 55-88
Carol Wilton, “A firebrand amongst the people: The Durham Meetings and Popular Politics in Upper Canada,” Canadian Historical Review 75:3, (Sept 1994): 346-375.
Extracts from, Correspondence Relative to the Affairs of British North America, (London: 1839).
Extracts from, Lady Durham’s Journal, (Québec: Literary and Historical Society of Québec, 1915).
Week 16: Responsible Government and Colonial Reform after 1838
2 February 2011
Ch. 18. Reorientation: British North America and the Empire after 1840
Barbara Messamore, “Mary Lambton’s Husband,” and “The Great Experiment: Elgin, Grey, and Responsible Government,” in Canada’s Governor Generals: Biography and Constitutional Evolution, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008), 31–70.
Extracts from, Canada Papers Relative to the Affairs of Canada, (London: Clowes, 1849), 1-9.
Week 17: Aboriginal Policy at Mid-Century
9 February 2011
Ch. 19. Reorientation: British North America and the Continent after 1840
Theodore Binnema and Kevin Hutchings, “The Emigrant and the Noble Savage: Sir Francis Bond Head’s Romantic Approach to Aboriginal Policy in Upper Canada, 1836-1838,” Journal of Canadian Studies, 39:1 (Winter 2005):
Shurlee Swain, “Canada: “If they Treat the Indians Humanely, All Will be Well,” in Equal Subjects, Unequal Rights: Indigenous Peoples in British Settler Colonies, 1830-1910, Julie Evans et. al., Editors, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003), 43–62.
Extracts from, Appendix to the sixteenth volume of the journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada ... 25th February to 16th August, 1858 ... twenty-first and twenty- second years of the reign of ... Queen Victoria: being the 1st session of the 6th Provincial Parliament of Canada, (Toronto : R. Campbell, 1858).
Week 18: Regulating Marriage and Family in the Nineteenth Century
16 February 2011
Ch. 20. The West and the North, 1821-1870
Adele Perry, “Hardy Backwoodsmen, Wholesome Women, and Steady Families: Immigration and the Construction of a White Society in Colonial British Columbia, 1849-1871,” Social History/ histoire sociale 33: 66 (2000): 343–60.
Sarah Carter, ““Creating ‘Semi-Widows’ and ‘Supernumerary Wives:’ Prohibiting Polygamy in Prairie Canada’s Aboriginal Communities to 1900.” In The Importance of Bing Monogamous,
Debates, House of Commons, Canada.
Week 18: READING WEEK! No Class
23 February 2011
Week 19: Public Spaces and Public Spectacles
2 March 2011
Ch. 15. Colonial Society, 1791-1840
Ch. 21. Early Victorian Society, 1840-1870
Cecilia Morgan, “‘In Search of the Phantom Misnamed Honour’: Dueling in Upper Canada,” Canadian Historical Review 76:4 (December 1995): 529-62.
Julia Roberts, “‘A Mixed Assemblage of Persons’: Race and Tavern Space in Upper Canada,” Canadian Historical Review 83:1 (March 2002): 1710-1093
“Regulating Taverns,” in Documents in Pre-Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 218.
Week 20: Class, Identity, and Leisure
9 March 2011
Ch. 16. Colonial Culture, 1791-1840
Ch. 22. Early Victorian Culture, 1840-1870
Karen Dubinsky, “The Pleasure is Exquisite but Violent”: The Imaginary Geography of Niagara Falls in the Nineteenth Century,” Journal of Canadian Studies 29:2 (1994): 64–88.
Gillian Poulter, ““Brave North Western Voyageurs”: Snowshoeing in Montreal,” Becoming Native in a Foreign Land: Sport, Visual Culture and National Identity, Montreal 1840- 1885, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008), 21–65.
Lady Durham’s account of Niagara Falls, in Lady Durham’s Journal, (Québec: Literary and Historical Society of Québec, 1915), 22–30.
III. The Creation of the Dominion of Canada, 1860 – 1900
Week 21: Confederation
16 March 2011
Ch. 24. Unification, 1862-1867
Gail Cuthbert Brandt, “Presidential Address: National Unity and the Politics of Political History,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 3:1 (1992): 3-11.
Arthur Silver, “Confederation and Quebec” The French Canadian Idea of Confederation, 1864- 1900 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), 33-50
Wilfred Smith, “Charles Tupper’s Minutes of the Charlottetown Conference, 1864,” Canadian
48:2 (June 1867): 100–12.
Week 22: Canada’s Colony
23 March 2011
Ch. 25. The Completion of Confederation, 1867-1873
Chester Brown, Louis Riel: A Comic-Strip Biography, (Toronto: Drawn and Quarterly Publications, 2003)
“Radio Clip: CBC. http://archives.cbc.ca/arts_entertainment/visual_arts/topics/1482-9905/
“List of Rights, Created by the Provinsln Governing COuncil of the Métis Nation, 1 December 1869,” and “Protest of the People” in Documents in Pre-Confederation History, Morgan and Jaenen Editors, (Toronto: Addison-Wesley, 1998), 298-99; 301-03.
Week 23: Industrialization and Urbanization in Working Class Montreal
30 March 2011
Ch. 23. Industrialization, 1850-1870
Bettina Bradbury, “Pigs, Cows, and Boarders: Non-wage Forms of Survival among Montreal Families, 1861-91,” Labour/ Le Travail (Fall 1984): 9-46.
Peter DeLottinville, “Joe Beef of Montreal: Working Class Culture and the Tavern, 1869-1889,”
Labour/Le Travail 8:9 (1981-82): 9–40.
Excerpts from, The Royal Commission on the Relations of Labour and Capital, 1889 (Abridged), Gregory Kealey, Ed., (Toronto: Univeristy of Toronto Press, 1973), 213–19; 222–37.
Week 24: Canada’s History at the Turn-of-the-Century
6 April 2011
Ch. 26. Envisioning the New Nation, 1867-1885
Jarett Henderson, “I Am Pleased with the Lambton Loot”: Arthur George Doughty and the Making of the Durham Papers,” Archivaria 70 (2010):
H. V. Nelles, “Historical Pageantry and the 'Fusion of the Races' at the Tercentenary of Quebec, 1908,” Social History/ Histoire Sociale
29 (1996): 391-415.
End of Second Term