History Week 10 Essay

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History Week 10 Essay

Information comes from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams.

John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States of America, and also served in many political positions in his life time. He was born to John Adams, the second president of the United States, and Abigail Adams on July eleventh, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts. He was named after his great-grandfather, Colonel John Quincy, after which Quincy, Massachusetts is named. As a boy, John Quincy Adams did not attend school, but was taught by his cousin James Thax and his father’s law clerk Nathan Rice. Since his father was president and was overseas a lot, John Quincy Adams spent a lot of his childhood accompanying him. In his years overseas, he became fluent s French and Dutch and became familiar with German and other European languages. At the age of twelve, he started a diary that he kept until right before he died. Mainly because of his father, John Quincy Adams starred in classical studies and became very fluent in Latin and in Greek. He went to the first-class college of Harvard and upon entering there he had already translated the philosophers of Virgil, Horace, Plutarch, and Aristotle. In addition to that in six weeks he memorized Greek grammar and translated the New Testament of the Bible. In 1787 he graduated Harvard with a Bachelor of Arts degree, and in 1790 he got his Master of Arts degree from Harvard.

John Quincy Adams began his political career in 1796. He first gained national recognition when he published a series of articles supporting George Washington’s decision to keep America out of the War in France. Soon after, Washington made Adams minister to the Netherlands at the young age of twenty-six in 1793. He would not have probably accepted if his father had not urged him to accept. While at the position of minister to the Netherlands he traveled back and forth from London and The Hague in the Netherlands. While going back and forth, he met and proposed to his wife, Louisa Catherine Johnson, the daughter of a poor American merchant. He married her in the church of All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London. Together they had four children of the names of George Washington, John II, Charles Francis, and Adams was and still is the only president to marry a First Lady born outside of the United States.

When his time as minister to Netherlands was up, he wanted to have a private life, but George Washington appointed him Minister to Portugal, where soon he was appointed to the Berlin Legation, and he was eventually convinced to go along with it. George Washington called John Quincy Adams, “"the most valuable of America's officials abroad," and it is believed then is when Adams first came to terms with having a life time of being a politician. When John Adams, the second president became president, he appointed his son John Quincy Adams Minister to Prussia when George Washington urged him to, and he served at that position until 1801.

Under President James Monroe, he served as the Secretary of State from 1817 to 1825. As Secretary of States, he negotiated The Adams-Onis Treaty, the Treaty of 1818, and wrote the Monroe Doctrine. As the 1824 presidential election drew near, people started looking for candidates. The New Englanders thought John Quincy Adams as a good choice, and usually the Secretary of State became the next president, but Adams was hotly contested by Andrew Jackson, John Calhoun, William Crawford, and Henry Clay, mainly by Jackson and Clay, on account that Calhoun dropped out and Crawford fell ill. It was so hotly contested that Adams, Clay, and Jackson ended up in a tree-way tie, and the vote moved on to the House of Representatives. The vote made John Quincy Adams president, and at that time only he and his father were the only presidents to serve only one term. He served as president from March fourth, 1825, to March fourth, 1829. After Adams became president, Andrew Jackson was infuriated, and swore that next time that he would beat Adams. Immediately he started planning his campaign strategy for the next presidential election. In fact he did beat Adams, by a very big margin, and Adams thought that since his political life was over, he would go live a private life with his family. However, he was unexpectedly voted to the House of Representatives by the Plymouth District in 1830. John Quincy Adams served in the House of Representatives for the last seventeen years of his life, even served through a major stroke. Though he did live after the stroke, he died only two days after he suffered it, on February twenty-third, 1848, at the age of eighty years old.

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