New World Beginnings, 33,000 B. C. A

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The American Spirit Chap. 1 A123 C12 D234 Kim Sun

Sept. 8, 2011

New World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C.- A.D. 1769

A.1. Visualizing the New World (1505, 1509)

  • Amerigo Vespucci (16th century explorer) wrote letter on his New World experience which was published across Europe with illustrations drawn by artists that never saw it

A.2. Juan Gines de Sepulveda Belittles the Indians (1547)

  • Ex of “Renaissance man”: Juan Gines de Sepulveda, a Spaniard that studied in Renaissance Italy, famous as theologian, philosopher, historian, astronomer

  • Sepulveda was student of Aristotle and made distinction of “civilized” Greeks and barbarians

  • Emperor Charles V convened a debate in Valladolid, Spain determining Spain’s relationship with the first original Americans (Juan Gines Sepulveda)

The Second Democrates by Sepulveda:

Future for own interests) written laws but barbarian

  • Gentleness, Humanity- care for the institution/customs

conquered + protect from cruel allies - Lack restraint and eat human flesh

- Kings elected by vote - Obsessed with fighting other tribes

- Have commerce and houses - Cowardly, timid, cannot endure

soldiers’ presence

- Lack individual belongings to pass

onto heirs

Superiority of Europeans: Indians are inferior is skills, virtues, and humanity because they’re savage like, almost like apes to man.

A.3. Bartolome de Las Casas Defend the Indians (1552)

  • Debated with Sepulveda for Indians

  • Dominican friar who  West indies 1502 and disliked Indian treatment

  • Became bishop of Guatemala and tried reforming Spanish policies

  • “The Destruction of the Indies” spread the “Black Legend” of Spain

Bartolome de las casas Sepulveda___________________


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