Practice Test Colonial America 1750-ish-1783

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Practice Test Colonial America 1750-ish-1783

  1. The fact that the English settlers in America retained their rights and privileges as English subjects was significant because (A) it helped strengthen the idea of self government in the colonies (B) the King held absolute control over his subjects (C) it led to the signing of the Magna Carta (D) all of these.

  1. Indentured servants were settlers who paid for their passage to the New World by (A) working without wages for a period of time (B) working as part of the crew aboard ship (C) serving in the colonial militia (D) all of these.

  1. A colony which was actually owned by one person was called (A) royal colony (B) self governing colony (C) proprietary colony (D) maritime colony.

  1. Which pair of colonies had the greatest degree of religious tolerance? (A) New York and Virginia (B) Maryland and Rhode Island (C) Massachusetts and Connecticut (D) New Jersey and Delaware.

  1. The French and Indian War, which started in 1754, began over conflicting claims in the (A) Tennessee Valley (B) St. Lawrence Valley (C) Hudson Valley (D) Ohio Valley.

  1. As a result of the French and Indian War, (A) Great Britain gained all of North America east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans (B) France lost most of its African possessions (C) Spain gained control over New France (D) all of these.

  1. The Navigation Acts were intended to promote a policy of (A) feudalism (B) laissez faire (C) communism (D) mercantilism.

  1. The colonial system of trading rum for slaves in Africa, then trading the slaves in the West Indies for sugar and molasses, was known as (A) mercantilism (B) triangular trade (C) manufacturing (D) exporting and importing.

  1. Before 1763, the Navigation Acts and other laws which regulated colonial commercial activity did not greatly affect the colonies because (A) the colonies were self-sufficient (B) the British followed a policy of salutary neglect (C) everything the colonists wanted came from Great Britain (D) the colonists agreed with these laws.

  1. In most of the thirteen colonies, the settlers gained experience in self-government by (A) choosing governors to administer colonial affairs (B) sending representatives to the British Parliament (C) electing members of colonial assemblies (D) regulating their trade with Great Britain.

  1. The Salem Witchcraft Trials were evidence of (A) democratic progress (B) cultural improvement (C) superstition and intolerance (D) England’s violation of the right of self-government.

  1. The decisive victory in the French and Indian War was the capture of (A) Quebec (B) Louisburg (C) Montreal (D) Fort Duquesne.

  1. On the eve of the American Revolution the colonists (A) were poor oppressed peasants much like the serfs of Russia (B) the American people as a group were probably the most free people in the world (C) the colonists were virtually independent, having attained the status of a Commonwealth (D) none of these

  1. The purpose of the Townshend Acts was to (A) raise revenues to pay colonial judges and governors (B) control trade between the colonies and the West Indies (C) pay for colonial military defense (D) help reduce the debt from the French-Indian War.

  1. Which of the following colonial victories brought France into the Revolutionary War on the side of the Americans? (A) Oriskany (B) Kings Mountain (C) Trenton (D) Saratoga.

  1. Which of the following was not one of the Intolerable Acts? (A) Declaratory Act

(B) Quebec Act (C) Stamp Act (D) Boston Port Act .

  1. The “shot heard around the world” was fired at (A) Bunker Hill (B) Brandywine (C) Boston (D) Lexington.

  1. Which of the following was true of the Stamp Act Congress? (A) it was the first unified government for all the American colonies (B) it provided an important opportunity for colonial stamp agents to discuss methods of enforcing the act (C) it rejected the assertion that the colonies ought to protest acts of Parliament deemed to be unconstitutional (D) it provided an opportunity for colonial leaders to meet and establish ties with one another.

  1. One of the purposes of the Tea Act of 1773 was to (A) prevent over-consumption of tea in America (B) lower the price of tea in Great Britain by decreasing the demand for it in America (C) save the British East India Company from financial ruin (D) create a long-term shift in wealth from Britain’s North American colonies to its colony in India.

  1. During the 1760s and 70s the most effective American tactic in gaining the repeal of the Stamp and Townshend Acts was (A) tarring and feathering British tax agents (B) sending petitions to the King and Parliament (C) boycotting British goods (D) destroying private property on which taxes had been levied.

  1. The Sons of Liberty were patriots who (A) opposed violent means (B) believed in the concept of passive resistance (C) secretly supported the British cause (D) willingly used violence to gain their ends.

  1. The Boston Tea Party led immediately to which of the following sequence of events: (A) the resignation of George III (B) passage of the Intolerable Acts and the calling of the First Continental Congress (C) the meeting of the Second Continental Congress and the writing of the Declaration of Independence (D) the passage of the East Indies Tea Act and the Intolerable Acts.

  1. The Declaratory Act was a statement defining (A) Parliament's right to legislate colonial affairs (B) the rights of the colonials (C) the King's relationship to the colonies (D) the colonies' relationship to the Indians.

  1. The Stamp Act of 1765 called for taxation on (A) income (B) newspapers and other printed material (C) all imports (D) all exports.

  1. Virtual representation meant that (A) every member of Parliament represented every citizen of the Empire (B) every member of Parliament was elected by a designated area and represented the interests of that area only (C) the colonial empire had no representation in Parliament (D) every member of Parliament represented a designated continent upon which Britain had colonies.

  1. Americans were furious over the Proclamation Act of 1763 because they saw it as (A) a means to exterminate the Indians (B) structuring the future legislatures of the colonies (C) a restriction of court sanctions in the colonies (D) a restriction of their expansion.

  1. During the period 1765-1770, the Patriots who opposed British policy (A) denied the authority of King George III over the colonists (B) denied the right of Parliament to regulate colonial trade (C) demanded that the colonists be granted direct representation in Parliament (D) argued that power to tax the colonies should remain with the colonial legislatures (E) called for a renewal of war with the French in Canada.

  1. The American Revolution had all of the following effects except (A) It contributed to the immediate or gradual abolition of slavery in all of the northern and middle states before 1830 (B) It led to the total separation of church and state in America (C) It opened up the trans-Appalachian West for settlement (D) It provided slaves with expanded political and civil rights.

  1. In the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the United States obtained all of the following except (A) the acquisition of West Florida (B) independence from Great Britain (C) the right to fish along the coast of Canada (D) the acquisition of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River (E) the right of navigation on the Mississippi River.

  1. In response to the Coercive Acts, the First Continental Congress (A) approved the Declaration of Independence (B) approved the use of force against British troops (C) rejected all further allegiance to the King of England (D) approved only a non importation, non-consumption, and non exportation agreements against Great Britain.

  1. Between 1778 and 1781 the British strategy in the Revolutionary War concentrated on the (A) capture of Boston and New York City (B) seizure and control of the Hudson River Valley (C) capture of Philadelphia (D) capture of southern cities and the control of the southern states (E) destruction of George Washington’s army.

  1. The main goals of the Albany Congress of 1754 were to promote colonial unity and (A) secure the allegiance of the Iroquois Confederation (B) prepare for an expected attack by the Iroquois Confederation (C) protest new taxes levied by Parliament (D) plan for an attack on Spanish colonies (E) protest against the Navigation Acts.

  1. The major result of England’s attempts to tighten the enforcement of its mercantilist policies in America after the French and Indian War was to (A) increase England’s prosperity (B) increase the amount of revenue collected in the colonies (C) increase England’s control of the colonial governments (D) encourage French colonization in North America (E) push the colonists toward open resistance to English rule.

  1. The primary American objection to the Stamp Act was that (A) it gave money to the French in Quebec (B) it was the first tax of any kind ever imposed by Britain on the colonies (C) its proposed tax rates were so high as to have crippled the colonial economy (D) it was a measure for raising revenue from the colonies but it had not been approved by the colonists through their representatives (E) it constituted an unwarranted interference with the colonial economy in a manner that would have greatly restrained free trade.

  1. In seeking diplomatic recognition from foreign powers during the War for Independence the American government found it necessary to (A) make large financial payments to the governments of France, Spain, and Holland (B) promise to cede large tracts of American territory to France upon a victorious conclusion of the war (C) demonstrate its financial stability and self-sufficiency (D) demonstrate a determination and potential to win independence (E) agree to grant France a specially favored trading status.

  1. During the American War of Independence, the battle of Saratoga was most significant because it (A) left the British with inadequate resources to carry on the war (B) prevented the British from ever mounting another successful invasion of American territory (C) allowed American forces to seize large portions of Canada (D) persuaded France to begin supporting the Americans openly (E) caused Holland to delay its decision to enter the war on the side of the British.

  1. According to the authors of the Declaration of Independence (A) rights were granted by the government (B) governments got their authority from God (C) colonies should have representatives in Parliament (D) rights are part of a human being’s very nature (E) Rights came from George III

  1. Which Revolutionary War battle is considered the “turning point” in the War because it led to direct French assistance for the Americans? (A) Trenton (B) Bunker Hill (C) Princeton (D) Yorktown (E) Saratoga.

  1. The primary reason for French aid to the American colonists was (A) French belief in the ideals for which the American revolution stood (B) English attacks against French naval vessels along the French coast (C) American promises to restore Louisiana and Quebec to French control in return for French aid (D) French desires for revenge against England and hopes to regain much of the territory lost to the British in the Seven Years’ War (E) French belief that aid to the Americans would force Britain to consider forming a confederation with France, allowing them to jointly dominate European affairs.

  1. On March 5, 1782, the House of Commons authorized King George III to make peace with the American colonies as a result of General Charles Cornwallis’ defeat at (A) Saratoga (B) Guilford Courthouse (C) Yorktown (D) King’s Mountain (E) Charleston.

  1. General The Lord Cornwallis’ surrender at Yorktown resulted largely from the (A) failure of the British to capture and hold Charleston as a base of operations (B) French fleet winning control of the Chesapeake Bay (C) mass desertion of Hessians from the British army (D) arrival of fresh Spanish soldiers to reinforce Washington’s army (E) the defection of Benedict Arnold at West Point.

  1. Which of the following describes the major grievance of American patriots from 1764 to the outbreak of the Revolution? (A) The Stamp Act taxes raised costs to a level that seriously weakened domestic commerce in the colonies (B) The Sugar Act prohibited the importation of sugar and thereby ruined the rum industry (C) High import duties made it very difficult for the average colonist to buy tea (D) English taxation policies were being used to undermine the independence of colonial legislatures (E) New taxes were destroying American wealth.

Answers for HUS I Practice Test Unit 1

Revolution and Constitution

  1. A

  2. A

  3. C

  4. B

  5. D

  6. A

  7. D

  8. B

  9. B

  10. C

  11. C

  12. A

  13. B

  14. D

  15. D

  16. C

  17. D

  18. D

  19. C

  20. C

  21. D

  22. B

  23. A

  24. B

  25. A

  26. D

  27. D

  28. D

  1. A

  2. D

  3. D

  4. A

  5. E

  6. D

  7. D

  8. D

  9. D

  10. E

  11. D

  12. C

  13. B

  14. E

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